Somatic Symptom Disorder or Somatoform is a type of mental illness that causes one or more bodily symptoms, including pain. These physical symptoms cannot be explained by a medical condition, or by the direct effect of a substance, or not attributable to other mental disorders.
People with Somatic Symptom Disorder reach their physician with a lot of symptoms and mild pain. Still, no medical examination can indicate the presence of such a condition or symptom in their body. But they are not faking their pain; the distress they experience from pain and other problems they experience are real, regardless of whether a physical explanation can be found. There are few physical and mental symptoms that are associated with SSD; the Somatic Symptom Disorder test is one questionnaire that assesses the level of disorder in individuals.
Certain factors are considered to be the possible risk factors for Somatic Symptom Disorder,
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association, clearly gives these points in the diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder:
The treatment for somatic symptom disorder includes both psychotherapy and medications. The psychotherapy includes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which is considered the best-worked one in cases of SSD.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps improve the physical symptoms; they usually undergo the following steps,
In medications, antidepressant medication can help reduce symptoms associated with depression and pain that often occur with somatic symptom disorder.
No mental illness is irreversible, Somatic symptom disorder is also reversible. Proper treatment and therapy can get you out of this mental condition. But before that, you must be aware of what you are going through. There are various health care questionnaires and methods in which a mental illness can be assessed. So don’t blindly panic and stress yourself without consulting a health practitioner.
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