Primary survey in trauma

The primary survey assesses the patient's ABCs—airway, breathing, and circulation—and is performed as soon as the patient arrives in the emergency department. The primary survey aims to identify and correct any life-threatening problems. Once the patient's ABCs have been stabilised, a more thorough secondary survey can be performed.

1 minute to complete


Patients who have sustained injuries in trauma are eligible to fill out a primary survey. This survey is used to assess the patient's injuries and determine the best treatment course.


Questions for Primary survey in trauma



What is the mechanism of injury?

The answer should be a text input.

What are the patient's vital signs?

The answer should be a text input.

Is the patient conscious?

The answer should be a single choice:
  1. Yes
  2. No

Does the patient have any injuries?

The answer should be a single choice:
  1. Yes
  2. No

What is the patient's level of pain?

The answer should be a text input.

Assessments Similar to Primary survey in trauma

  • Airway assessment
  • Breathing assessment
  • Circulation assessment
  • Disability assessment
  • Exposure and environmental control assessment

Here are some FAQs and additional information
Primary survey in trauma

What is the primary survey in trauma?

The primary survey in trauma is a medical assessment that is performed to identify and treat life-threatening injuries. It is also known as the ABCDE approach.

What do primary surveys consist of?

The primary survey consists of the following steps: A – Airway B – Breathing C – Circulation D – Disability E – Exposure

What is the purpose of the primary survey?

The purpose of the primary survey is to identify and correct any life-threatening conditions that a patient may have. It is a quick assessment that is done to ensure that the patient has a clear airway, is breathing, has adequate circulation, and does not have any major injuries.

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